__Solving Equations__Chapter 2,

**Properties of Equality**- For all real numbers a, b, c:
Reflexive Property a = a Symmetric Property If a = b, then b = a Transitive Property If a = b and b = c, then a = c Addition Property of Equality If a = b, then a + c = b + c Multiplication Property of Equality If a = b, then a *x*c = b*x*cProportions

(cross multiply)If __a__

b= __c__

dwith b, d 0, then ad = bc. **Combining Terms***Defn*: The**coefficient**is the numerical part of a term that precedes the variable.*Defn*: The**degree of a term**is the sum of the exponents on the variables in the term.*Defn*:**Like terms**have the same variables with the same exponents.**To simplify an expression means to combine all like terms in the expression**.**Equations***Defn*: A**solution**(or**root**) of an equation is a number that makes the equation true when that number is substituted in for the variable.- Equations may have one solution, no solution, or many solutions:
Conditional Equation Has exactly one real solution. Identity Is true for all real numbers--has an infinite number of solutions. Inconsistent Equation Has no solution **Solving Linear Equations in One Variable***Defn*: A**linear equation in one variable**is a first-degree equation (largest exponent on the variable is 1) with only one variable.- A linear equation in one variable may always be written in the form
ax = b. - Trick to solving: Use the properties of equality to get the given equation into an equivalent equation of the form
ax = b. Then the solution isx = __b__

a__Steps to Solving a Linear Equation__Eliminate fractions by multiplying both sides by the least common denominator. Remove grouping symbols (as in "order of operations," Chapter1, section4). Combine like terms on each side of the equal sign. Use addition property of equality (maybe repeatedly) to get the equation into the form ax = b. Divide both sides by a. The solution is x = __b__

a__Check your solution__in the original equation by substitution.